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中国海外商业安保企业存在的麻烦

来源:http://www.vranime.net/  点击?#38382;?span id="hits">    发布时间:2018-02-21
当前,中国海外商业安保企业存在的根本问题主要有如下四个方面:
At present, the main problems of China's overseas commercial security enterprises are as follows: the following four aspects:
一是市场能力不足。尽管海外利益保护已经得到了政府和社会的广泛关注,但从整体上看,海外安保的市场规模依然有限。现有的海外安保市场?#23478;?ldquo;走出去”的大型国企的海外项目为主,以人员培训和人员派遣为主要的营业模式。这种市场模式只能通过竞争大型国企数量有限的海外项目来实现,而对很多企业,尤其是工程承包企业而言,海外项目的利润本来就很薄,很?#35328;?#39069;外支付大笔的安保费用。如果企业的海外风险意识不足,甚至不会考虑这笔支出。与此同?#20445;?#22823;量“走出去”的中小民营企业或个人,由于缺少信用保证,安保企业无法预期获得稳定的服务收入,无法形成稳定的市场供求关系。
The first is the lack of market capacity. Although the protection of overseas interests has received extensive attention from the government and the society, the overall market size of overseas security is still limited. The existing overseas security market is based on the overseas projects of "going out" large state-owned enterprises, with personnel training and personnel dispatching as the main business model. This market mode can only be realized by competing overseas projects with limited number of large state-owned enterprises, but for many enterprises, especially engineering contracting enterprises, the profits of overseas projects are very thin, and it is difficult to pay extra security costs. If the enterprise's overseas risk awareness is insufficient, it will not even consider the expenditure. At the same time, a large number of "go out" small and medium-sized private enterprises or individuals, because of lack of credit guarantee, security enterprises can not expect to get stable service revenue, and can not form a stable market supply and demand relationship.
第二是企业规模不足。现有的跃跃欲试想“走出去”的海外安保企业主要有两部分力量:一是具备一定实力的国内保安公司想“走出去”,这一类的公司通常规模不小,但是普遍缺乏海外经验;二是已经开展海外安全培训与派遣的公司企业,这一类的公司具备一定的海外经验,但是普遍规模不大。加上市场规模本身有限,企业的发展壮大相当困难。
Second is the inadequacy of enterprise scale. The existing tempted to "go out" overseas security enterprise mainly has two parts: one is the power of domestic security companies have a certain strength to "go out", this kind of company, the scale is not small, but the lack of overseas experience; two has been carried out and dispatched training overseas security companies. This type of company has certain overseas experience, but generally small. With the limited size of the market itself, it is very difficult for the enterprise to develop and expand.
第三是业务能力不足。海外安保不是简单地派?#24067;?#20010;保安在门口站岗就能够解决的,一旦走出去就要面临海外陌生而复杂的环?#22330;?#22914;果没有当地的政府关系、社区关系、情报支持,“走出去”就只能两眼一抹黑。很多国家在政策上明文禁止外国人持枪,甚至不?#24066;?#22806;国保安力量的存在,没有武器,连门口站岗也站不了。而事实上,海外安保是一项系统的工程,除了派遣保安的人防之外,还需要物防、技防、工程、技术、管理、情报等各方面的配套设计,这方面的综合能力和经验对中国现有的保安公司而言更是薄弱。
Third is the lack of business ability. Overseas security is not a simple way to send a few security guards at the door to be able to solve, once out of the way to face overseas unfamiliar and complex environment. If there is no local government relations, community relations, and intelligence support, "go out" can only be a black eye. Many countries explicitly prohibit foreigners from holding guns in their policies, and even do not allow foreign security forces to exist, without weapons, and can not stand at the door of the door. In fact, overseas security is a systematic project, in addition to send security defense, still need to complete the design of all aspects of prevention and protection, engineering, technology, management, intelligence, ability and experience in this area China existing security companies is weak.
第四是化不足。现有的开展海外业务的中国安保力量实际上都是跟随着“走出去”的项目而“走出去”的,并没有真正实现独立的“走出去”。很多安保企业都把自己?#21738;?#26631;定义为“为海外中国企业服务”,这个目标本身就带有很大的局限性,似乎中国的安保企业就不能给外国人提供服务了。由于缺乏必要的语言能力、情报能力、外交能力,已经“走出去”的安保力量也只能在外国保安提供保护的围墙之内待着,并没有实现真正的当地化和化作业。
The fourth is the lack of internationalization. The existing Chinese security forces who carry out overseas business actually go out with the "going global" project, and have not really realized the independent "going global". Many security companies define their goals as "serving overseas Chinese enterprises", which has great limitations in itself. It seems that China's security enterprises can't provide services to foreigners. Due to the lack of necessary language, intelligence and diplomatic capacity, the security force that has gone out can only stay inside the fence provided by foreign security guards, and has not realized the real localization and internationalization operation.
当然,对于尚在襁褓之中的中国海外商业安保企业而言,苛求在一夜之间就解决上述四个方面的不足也是不现实的。欧美发达国家的安保企业已经走过了上百年的历史,背后都有大英帝国或美利坚霸权的国家力量的支持,英国或美国上百年的海外军事存在与情报作业所积累的经验和知识为这些企业奠定了纵横世界的基础。
Of course, for Chinese overseas business security companies in the bud, it is also unrealistic to solve the above four problems overnight. The developed countries in Europe and America Security enterprises has gone through hundreds of years of history, are behind the British Empire or American hegemony of state power in support of Britain or the United States hundreds of years of overseas military presence has laid the foundation of the world and accumulation and intelligence work experience and knowledge for these enterprises.
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