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什么才是算是投案自首达到的条件?

来源:http://www.vranime.net/  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-06-21
自动投案的认定可以从两个方面来进行审查:一是时间;二是方式和动机。
The identification of automatic surrender can be examined from two aspects: one is time; the two is mode and motivation.
自动投案的时间既可以是犯罪事实发觉以前,也可以是犯罪事?#24403;?#23519;觉之后。关键在于犯罪分子须自动投案。犯罪分子自动投案说明其有认罪悔改,愿意接受惩处,从司法实践中看,将自首时间限制的太窄,不利于分化瓦解犯罪,争取犯罪分子走自首的道路。
The time of automatic surrender can be either a criminal fact or a criminal fact. The key is that the crime must be automatically committed. The voluntary surrender of criminals shows that they are guilty of repentance and are willing to be punished. From the judicial practice, it is too narrow to restrict the time of surrender, which is not conducive to disintegration of crime and the way for criminals to surrender themselves.
1.自首投案的方式和动机。犯罪分子出于真诚悔罪自动投案的自首,犯罪分子虽有投案的诚意,但由于伤病不能投案的而委托他人代为投案,或首先信电投案的等一切方式,总之不论采取何种方式和出于何种动机都属于投案自首。至于被公安机关,群众围攻,走投无路,当场投案的,以及经司法机关传讯,采取强制措施归案的,都不是自动投案。
1. the way and motivation to surrender. The criminals surrender voluntarily for the sake of sincere repentance. Although the criminals have good faith in the case, they entrust others to surrender because of the failure to commit a case. As for the public security organs, the crowd siege, the way out, the case on the spot, and the submission of the judicial organs and the coercive measures are not automatically invested.
2、犯罪分子必须如实供述自己的罪行。这是自首的本质特征。犯罪分子供述的必须是自己实施并由自己承担刑事责任的犯罪事实。共同犯罪案件中的犯罪分子自首?#20445;?#19981;仅要求供述自己的犯罪事实,而且要交待所知的共同犯罪,如果是主犯必须揭发同案犯的罪行。否则,不构成自首。如果犯罪人交待的是自己耳闻目睹的他人的罪行,是检举揭发,而不是自首。犯罪人如犯数罪的,投案时只交待了一罪,则可视为这一罪有自首情节。如果数罪中的一罪已被发觉,犯罪人在侦查、起诉、审判过程中或被判决以后,又将尚未被司法机关发现的其他罪行供述出来,对其交待的部分罪行可以视为自首。犯罪分子如果只交待?#25105;?#32618;行,隐瞒主要罪行,或者以虚假情况,掩盖其真实罪行,都不能认定为自首。
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2, criminals must honestly confess their crimes. This is the essential feature of surrender. The confession of a criminal must be a criminal fact that he has committed himself to bear criminal responsibility. When the criminals in a joint crime case surrender themselves, they not only require the confession of their own criminal facts, but also the common crimes that are known, if the principal offender must expose the crime of the same case. Otherwise, it does not constitute a surrender. If the offender confesses to others' crimes, he is whistle blowing, not surrender. If a criminal is guilty of a number of crimes, he only confesses a crime at the time of committing a crime. If one of the crimes in a number of crimes has been found, the offender will confess other crimes that have not been found by the judiciary in the process of investigation, prosecution, trial or judgment, and some of the crimes they have been treated can be regarded as voluntary surrender. If a criminal confesses only minor offences, conceals major crimes, or conceals his true crimes in false situations, he shall not be deemed to surrender himself.
3、犯罪人愿意接受国家的审查和追诉。犯罪人主动的听候司法机关的侦查、起诉、审判活动是衡量犯罪人是否悔改的重要表现之一。如果投案后,又逃脱司法机关对他采取的强制措施;或仅以电信方式交待罪行,久不归案的;或偷偷把赃物送到司法机关门口,不肯讲明身份;这些明显是不愿接受国家的制裁的表现,不能以自首论,只能视为悔罪的一般表现。犯罪分子主动投案,如实供述自己的罪行后,为自己进行辩护,提出上诉,或更正和补充?#25215;?#20107;实的都是允许的,可不能视为不接受审查和追诉。
3, criminals are willing to accept state censorship and prosecution. It is one of the most important manifestations of a criminal's repentance to take the initiative to wait for the investigation, prosecution and trial activities of the judiciary. If it is after the case, it will escape the coercive measures taken by the judiciary, or give the crime in a telecommunication way only, or send the stolen goods to the gate of the judiciary and refuse to make a clear identity; these are obviously unwilling to accept the sanctions of the state, and can not be regarded as a general expression of repentance. . If a criminal is actively committed to a crime, it is allowed to appeal, or to correct and supplement certain facts, to justify his own crimes, or to correct and supplement certain facts, and can not be regarded as unacceptable for review and prosecution.
综上所述,符合上述之条件,才可以认定为自首,必须同时具备,缺一不可,只有这样认识自首才是完整的,系统化的。
To sum up, in line with the above conditions, we can be identified as a voluntary surrender, must have the same, and must be indispensable. Only in this way, self surrender is complete and systematic.
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